10 Amazing Indian Farming Facts Which You Must Know

by | Nov 28, 2019

Myth 1:

Indian Agriculture is on a Permanent Decline

Fact:

  • India rank 2nd in the world in agriculture production.
  • India’s world rank in services and industry sector is 9th and 5th respectively.
  • Indian agricultural production has increased from 87 USD bn to 397 USD bn in the last 14 years (11% annual growth).
  • Globally India ranks 8th for the agricultural exports.
Myth 2:

Indian Agriculture is Food- Grains Centric

Fact:

  • Indian agriculture is multifaceted, with horticulture and animal husbandry contributing to over 60% of India’s agricultural GDP.
  • India is the largest milk producer, ranks 2nd in vegetables and fruits, 3rd in fish production, 4th in egg and 5th in poultry production in the world.
  • Horticulture and livestock production engage a large share of small and marginal farmers, and thus plays a critical role in the rural economy.
farmer-plowing
Myth 3:

Declining Size of Indian Farm Land Leads to Low Production

Fact:

  • China and India with the majority of their small and marginal land holdings are 1st and 2nd in the world agriculture production respectively.
  • The aggregate output/ha/year in small farms is higher on account of multiple cropping intensity, diverse output (crop + livestock) and round the year availability of family labour.
  • Yield per acre per crop is not an effective measure of Indian farm productivity (since agriculture in India does not follow monoculture like the other western nations).
Myth 4:

Indian Agriculture is Heavily Dependent on Rainfall

Fact:

  • India agriculture is monsoon resilient thanks to major share of horticulture and livestock production that are round the year activity.
  • Irrigated area in India (96mn ha) is the largest in the world
green-house-farm
Myth 5:

Organic Farming Can Drive Sustainability of Indian Agriculture

Fact:

  • Globally, only 1% of the agricultural land is under organic agriculture.
  • 100% organic farms are not a sustainable model since there is a high requirement of organic manure; whereas productivity is found to be much low.
  • Sikkim which is claimed to be an entirely organic farming state, is heavily dependent on other states to feed its population.
Myth 6:

Organic Food is Chemical free

Fact:

  • Crop protection chemical residues have been found in vegetables samples of organic produce.
  • The notion of nutritional superiority provided by organic produce is also debatable.
  • Conventionally cultivated vegetables are many times sold under the pretext of organic by vendors for higher profits.
pesticide-spraying
Myth 7:

Crop Protection Chemicals are Used Excessively in India

Fact:

  • India’s spending on crop protection chemicals is less than 1% of total agriculture production in value term; which is a fraction of global counterparts.
  • As per food samples analyzed by certified labs, 98% of them were found to be compliant within the crop protection chemicals maximum residue limit (MRL).
  • Our food compliance (with respect to pesticide residue limit) is in line with global standards.
Myth 8:

Crop Protection Chemicals Lead to Severe Imbalance of Aquatic Ecosystem

Fact:

  • Fish are highly sensitive to water pollutants.
  • India is the 3rd largest fish producer in the world which shows our soil-water ecosystem is not contaminated.
  • Andhra Pradesh and Punjab lead in the fish production and productivity respectively, regardless of their pesticide usage.
slideland-farm
Myth 9:

Farmer Suicides are Rampant in Indian Agriculture

Fact:

  • Suicides, whether by farmers or non–farmers deserve attention and understanding.
  • More than 8 lakh people die from suicide in a year in the world (WHO).
  • Suicide rate in Russia is among the highest, 16% higher than the global average.
  • In India, farmers suicide account for less than 10 % of the total suicide.
Myth 10:

Fruits and Vegetables are Injected with Colouring Chemicals and Animal Hormones

Fact:

  • Nothing can be injected into the fruits and vegetables post-harvest.
  • This could be verified by attempting to inject coloured water into ripe unpeeled banana or uncut water melons. The coloured water would immediately drip out from the point of injection.
  • As per the study by CENTEGRO, animal hormones cannot and will not improve the vegetable and fruit size overnight as alleged
farming-strawberries